Ratha Saptami is one of the most important Hindu festivals that is observed on the ‘saptami’ (7th day) during the Shukla Paksha (the bright fortnight of moon) of the month of ‘Magha’ in the Hindu calendar. Ratha Saptami normally falls on the second day following the celebrations of Shri Panchami or Vasant Panchami. This festival is devoted to Sun God and is also popularly known as ‘Surya Jayanti’, ‘Magh Jayanti’ or ‘Magha Saptami’.
It is also believed that by staunchly worshipping Sun God on this day, all the kinds of sins, from the current or previous births will be pardoned.
It also signifies the movement of Sun God in his chariot towards the northern hemisphere. This day signifies the arrival of summer season and is also indicative of the rising temperatures,
It also denotes beginning of the harvesting season and thus for Indian farmers it symbolises a promising beginning of the New Year.
All the nine planets have been clearly described in the Vedas. One can identify these characteristics in the “navagraha manthra”, Those interested to know characteristics of Surya deva can reseach in detail making a start from this mantra.
Hindus do suryanamaskaras (12 postures of prostrating to Surya) early morning when sunrays are fresh. Scientifically also it is recommended that there are many benefits of getting exposed to early morning sun.
Ratha Saptami snana
Do snana within given muhurta (find before day) with following mantra
” Yatyat Janma krutam Paapam Mayaa saptama janmasu,
Tanmey rogancha shokancha maakareehantu saptamee,
Etajjanam krutam paapam, yaccha janmaanta raari tajamey,
Mano vaakaayajamyaccha Ghnaataaghnaateychayey punah,
Iti sapta vidham paapam Snanaantey sapta saptikey,
Sapta vyaadhi samaayuktam haramaakaru! Saptami.’
to Lord Surya and prepare Chakkara Pongal ( sweet rice) and Vadas for naivedyam along with coconuts, beetle leaves and banana and fruits.
Suryashtakam Pattennithyam Graha Peeda Pranashanam
Aputhro Labhathe Puthram Daridro Dhanavaan Bhaveth
Wishihing Aĺl Good Health
AUM SHANTI SHANTI SHANTI