Aurobindo Ghosh was a Key Indian philosopher, yogi, guru, poet, and nationalist. He joined the Indian movement for independence from British rule, for a while was one of its influential leaders and then became a spiritual reformer, introducing his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution. (15 August 1872 – 5 December 1950)
He had greart insight of Indias past, present and a clear visionary dream of future Bharat. Bharatiyas never accepted as price for indipendence . He predicted that Bharat would reunite and become vishwa guru.
Childhood and shaping of character
He was born on 15 August 1852 and we got independence on 15th August. Is it just matter of chance? Or Gods message?
His father took him to London away from any Indian culture exposure and avoid any people contact.
Aurobindo cleared ICS at age of 18 years with high distinction. He didn’t like to be British government servant and deliberately failed himself in horse ride tests. By age of 18 he had written books on Europe, Bankim Chatterji, Chandidas, Michael Madhusudhan, Vidyapati and mastered many languages.
It is said that he had Gods vision that he need to be ready for leading a revolution. He returned to India on 1893 and immersed himself in knowing sanskriti and soul of Bharat. He joined as Vice Pricipal College of Baroda where he thought English, French and Sanskrit (besides Ramayana, Mahabharata he went on to teach deeper vedic topics).
He went on to establish first financial body in country which made Baroda standout in progress in country. He also went on to train revolutionary in Baroda kingdom army.
Some of his revolutionary students include, Dr. Hegdewar,.
He wrote higly acknowledged book Bhavani Mandir where idea was to train young men to able, strong and visionary in social change. He noticed that Congress was adopting to operation which was too slow to help country benefit in any manner.
Bangal was partitioned by Lord Curzon to stop revolutionary activity and was completely opposed and went on to give rise to Swadeshi movement which spread like fire all ove India like fire.
Aurobindo wrote many aggresive articles against British government in the daily news paper cad ‘Indu Prakash“. He resigned his job of Rs. 665 per month and chose to take on path of thorns to help ignite revolution against British.
He settled in Kishoreganj (Which is now in Bangladesh) and started Swadeshi Movement. He dressed himself in “Dhoti & Chaddar” to practice and represent the movement.
It was Aurobindo who gave the idea of passive resistance and non-cooperation. This mantra was taken by Gandhi ji in 1920-21.
He made himself more active in politics by writing articles in “Bande Mataram” which was started by Bipin Chandrapal and with this Revolutionaries gathered under Aurobindo umbrella.
One of the revolutionary Upendra Bando Upadhyay who went on to give shastra and shasra ( Literature and weapon usage know how).
Another newspaper “Yugantar” was started by followers of Aurobindo on his advice. Aurobindo started his own newspare called “Karma Yogi” and “Dharba“(Bengali edition).
Alipore bomb case
On 14 February 1907, Followers of Aurobindo managed to make crude bomb even before Aurobindo could get it done in Britain.
They are Baredra Ghosh, Ullas Dutt, Vibhuti Bhushan Sarkar, Nalinikant Gupt and Prafulla Chandra Chakravarthy. Ullaskar Dutt gave supreme sacrifice when he died in blast while research and assembling of bomb.
This was worlds first crude bomb. Barindra Ghosj is younger brother of Aurobindo Ghosh. Alipore bomb case was result of use of this crude bomb on Kingsford, DM of Muzzafarnagar.
Transforming to Spiritual and Social change
Barin Ghosh told to judge that they knew that a crude bomb would not drive British out but wanted to let British know what indians could do and be inspiration to Indians . He and his mates were given capital punishment of hang till death. Following this Aurobindo along with 40 youth were arrested . Aurobindo Ghosh who was already practicing yoga sadhana for spiritual endeavours to know if God really exibited.
He continued this in jail and Lord Krishna appeared to him and told
I have brought you to this jail to put you to actual assignment i created you. When you are released, never be afraid or hesitate and work towards spirituality, healthy Society establishment for Krishnas wish of Bharat as country that becomes vishwa guru.
His advocate Chitranjan Das gave representation to court that Aurobindo Ghosh as a great spiritual leader and social refomer. Aurobindo Ghosh was released and he set off towards his journey of deep spiritual and social reform for his dreams of Indipendent India ( Dream 1, Dream 2, Dream 3).
Court judgement said as follows about Aurobindo Ghosh
Long after this turmoil settles, long after this movement seizes, long after he is dead and gone, he will be looked upon as poet of patriotism, prophet of nationalism, a lover of humanity.
Aurobindo Ghosh focused on making India ready as vishwa guru for world.
C R Das further went on to say
Arbindo words will be echoed and re echoed not only in India but distant lands across. Arbindo is not berfore bar of court, but before bar court of high court of history.
He moved to Pondicherry on 1910 and established an ashram there. He wrote books on Yoga Sahana,
He started monthly edition called Arya . Many freedom fighters like Subramanium Bhartiyar, Thirumalachari Ji who ran Tamil news edition caalled India which was run by and for revolutionaries.
He gave clear vision of education to India and nation in large. Do go through video , it sure will make you feel light as if meditating.
Works of Litrature
His litratures not only kindle Nationalism, pattriotism but also made one feel pride of past and develop vision for the future.
Some of his other books written by him are “The Mother “, “Savitri“, “Future poetry” . Some of his Literature works are “A Sage on Gita“, “Life Devine“, “The Human Psych“.
Maa Ji from France was brought in by Aurobindo as collaborator in society building . Aurobindo considered her as spiritual leader having same stature as his.
Maa Ji establshed Aurobindo International Education Centre in 1943
On 5th December 1950 , Aurobindo took samadhi.
Why Aurobindo moved away from Congress
Aurobindo Ghosh was very much active in politics even though he was in his Pondicherry ashram. To understand this we could only infer from circumstances. Thinking and insight of maha yogi are at different level so we might fail to understand.
In 1920 Aurobindo was nominated to be chairperson of Congress. As ordinary people and political observation we might sight the cause could be Khilafat movement and way non cooperation movement was dealt with. With hid far sightedness he could have withrawn from Congress activity.
Final points to ponder
Arbindo Ghosh works had content of a revolutionary uet has depth and stability of a Maha Yogi.
Hardcore British Imperialist has following words dedicated to Aurobindo
“Life Divine” is greatest book of our time
Maharishi Aurobindo often used to ponder
- what has happened to Bharatiyas civilisation and culture!?
- Do we even know in which direction we are heading our country? Weren’t we aiming to be vishwa guru?
He once said
If Indians from past would have travelled to current time, they would have been taken aback to find ” How much backwards in thinking, social -national building.
Once Govalkar, RSS sarsangha chalak Madhavrao Sadashiva Golvalkar said so about Aurobindo
Aurobindo had complete knowledge of Bharat problems, complete insight and a clear vision of India. If we follow what Aurobindo Maharishi said about Sanatan Dharma, Sanskruti and nation would regain its position as leaddr to guide world to better future.
Aurobindo primarily speaks about
humanism joining dots throu yoga, our rich past and culture of sanatan to follow
Experiencing him and his works make one feel like he just visited God in meditation.
Let me conclude with durga stotra cby Aurobindo Maharishi