Childhood and Early Life
Bhagat Singh was born on September 28, 1907, at Banga in Lyallpur district (now Pakistan) to Kishan Singh and Vidyavati. At the time of his birth, his father Kishan Singh, uncles Ajit and Swaran Singh were in jail for demonstrations against the Colonization Bill implemented in 1906. His uncle, Sardar Ajit Singh, was a proponent of the movement and established the Indian Patriots’ Association. He was well-supported by his friend Syed Haidar Raza in organizing the peasants against the Chenab Canal Colony Bill. Ajit Singh had 22 cases against him and was forced to flee to Iran. His family was the supporter of the Ghadar party and the politically aware environment at home helped incite a sense of patriotism in the heart of young Bhagat Singh.
What really put the fire of revolution against British was the Jaliawalabagh incident. Below clip tries to show what 11 year old Bhagat Singh would have felt as a child. Its said he travelled from Lohore to Amritsar, gathered soil with blood from Jaliawalabagh and kept offering it flowers everyday.
He discontinued his studies Lahore national college and started Navjivan Bharat Sabha .
He joined National College where he came in touch with great leaders like Swami Parmanand who who was all round incharge of
To tie him to a specific group or school of thought will be complete injustice to the personality of Bhagat Singh and what exactly he did in end to stand as becon for indians to take countryto freedom and beyond also inspire people to build a positive India.
Here he met revolutionary Sachindranath Sanyal who was from Bengal and had come to organise revolutary activity. Bhagat Singh had made his mind to become a revolutionary to drive out British.
Later he started to work at newspaper publication called Dainik Pratap. One of his atricles noted is based on Dasham Guru saying
With his inspired articles on patriotism, he came n contact with many other revolutionary like Azad. Kakori incident moved him deeply and he joined Hindustan Rebublic party.
We didn’t have bhagat singh in our syllabus, even when we did,so little is known which gives no inspiration to youth. Todays youth instead of taking him as Role model have ended up following Tukde gang or Movie models. Its shame upon us.
J P Sanders incident
Lala Lajpat Rai was lathi charged by British for a peaceful procession. A month later Lal scommbed to the injury. This made Bhagat singh very agitated and need for revenge with help of ChandraShekar Azad.
Revolutionaries declared , we shall take revenge
A year later they declare,
Revenge taken Blood for Blood with Sanders assassination
Bhagat Singh along with Bhatukeshwar Dutt carried out bomb attack in the well of of the parliament. The bomb was very mild one and NOT to cause harm, it was rather to let British realize what Indians can do if need to drive British out.
They didn’t escape after attack even though they had all the opportunity. They rather happily surrendered.
Wath video in complete to understand.
An explosion is needed to move out the Deaf was heading of the pamphlets they distributed.
The bombs used by these revolutionary were sourced from Veer Savakars wing group ABhinav Bharat.
Tortures upon revolutionary wewre extreme. Jatin Das has borne 63 day fasting with circulation only around heart and reduced to 19 pounds at his death.
Bhagat Singh wenton for fasting upto 114 days and broke it with dal roti and not fruit juice.
On 23 May Bhagat Singh , Rajguru and Sukhdev were sentenced Hang to death.
Three sang this song as they were taken to the gallows to be hung till death.
They were not afraid of the consequences and passed on message:
We have done what we should to free India, it is now upon all Indians to be duty bound to not only take her to freedom but establish her as beacon to entire world.
His jail dairy is probably one of best places to look at to understand him. He even had predicted that the current congress government is hollow with corruption and only later generation would value the sacrifices of martyrs like him and the the real rise of India wouldcome into existence. Congress as matter of fact kept away Bhagat Singh story of sacrifice and it came to be light again in 1981. Congress even went to extent of labelling him a terrorist.
To be contonued PART 2